Canli et al. (brain scans and emotions)
Questions (2018)

All questions belongs to Cambridge Assessment International Education and were compiled for revision purposes.
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From the Canli et al. study (brain scans and emotions):

  • Describe the procedure of this study from the point when the participants returned three weeks after the fMRI (functional Magnetic Resonance Imagery) scans had taken place. [5]
  • Explain one reason why the procedure was standardised in this study. [3]

MK: Feb/Mar 2018 (12)

The study by Canli et al. (brain scans and emotions) used adult participants.

  • Identify two other features of this sample. [2]
  • Outline one methodological problem that could arise if children were used as participants in this study. [2]

MK: May/June 2018 (12)

The study by Canli et al. (brain scans and emotions) used a procedure with participants in an fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) scanner.

  • Describe the presentation of the images in the scanner. [3]
  • Identify one control used within the scanner, other than the way the images were presented. [1]

MK: May/June 2018 (13)

In the study by Canli et al. (brain scans and emotions), one variable was investigated by comparing neutral and negative scenes.

  • Is this an independent or a dependent variable? Include a reason for your answer. [1]
  • Outline how Canli et al. operationalised this variable. [1]

MK: May/June 2018 (21)

The study by Canli et al. (brain scans and emotions) used only right-handed, female participants.

  • Suggest one way in which this sample may limit the generalisability of the findings. [2]

MK: May/June 2018 (22)

From the study by Canli et al. (brain scans and emotions):

  • Name one of the brain scanning techniques used in this study. [1]
  • Identify the purpose of using the brain scanning technique you named in part (a). [1]
  • Outline what a participant had to do immediately after seeing a fixation cross on the screen. [2]

MK: Oct/Nov 2018 (11)

From the study by Canli et al. (brain scans and emotions):

  • Identify the sampling technique used in this study. [1]
  • Only females were used in this study.
    • (i) Identify one feature of the sample, other than gender. [1]
    • (ii) Outline why only females were used as participants. [2]
  • Outline one strength of the sampling technique used in this study. [2]

MK: Oct/Nov 2018 (13)

The procedure in the study by Canli et al. (brain scans and emotions) was standardised as each participant was treated in the same way. Explain one advantage of standardisation, using this study as an example. [2]

MK: Oct/Nov 2018 (22)